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Polyols and health

Views: 285     Author: Vickey     Publish Time: 2023-05-31      Origin: Site


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Polyols and health

As a substitute for sugar, polyols are widely used. However, some people are concerned that substituting sweeteners like polyols for sugar may have a deleterious impact on digestion, metabolism, and weight control. Is this a fact? Discover what polyols are and how they may impact your health by continuing to read.

What are Polyols?

Polyols are also known as bulk sweeteners or sugar alcohols. They are a kind of carbohydrate that may be found naturally in some fruits and vegetables. Additionally, they can be produced for use as food additives.

Less calories are found in polyols than in regular table sugar. While some varieties contain half the sweetness of table sugar, others taste equally sweet. The latter kind is frequently added to food goods to increase sweetness and volume.

Polyols are a FODMAP food, and are slowly absorbed and quickly fermented in the gut.This means they can cause bloating, stomach pain and diarrhea, especially for those who have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Effects of Specific Polyols in the Gut

The gut may get inflamed if polyol consumption is excessive. This is due to the fact that they are poorly absorbed and draw water to the gut. Both healthy individuals and those suffering from IBS may experience bloating, stomach discomfort, and diarrhea as a result.The stomach may respond to polyols in many ways. The most common problems are typically brought on by sorbitol and mannitol, which can feed the bacteria in the large intestine. Gas is produced as a result, which frequently makes IBS sufferers' bloating and pain worse. Because they have such potent laxative properties, sorbitol, mannitol, and lactitol are occasionally used to treat constipation.The least irritating polyols to the stomach include xyltiol and erythitol, according to research. However, certain polyols have been associated with a healthy gut.For example, lactitol and isomalt are also thought to be prebiotics because they feed healthy bacteria in the gut (bifidobacteria).

Polyols and Weight Loss

If you have a sweet craving, substituting polyols for sugar can help you eat fewer calories, which may help you lose a little weight.However, some people are concerned that substituting sweeteners like polyols for sugar may impede weight reduction attempts by affecting appetite or metabolism. In fact, there is no concrete human data to back up this worry. Polyols still contain some calories, with the exception of erythritol; therefore, ingesting a lot of them might still result in extra calories.Having said that, changing only a tiny portion of your diet seldom results in significant weight loss. It's essential to establish some long-term healthy behaviors if you want to lose weight.

Polyols and Blood Sugar Levels

Comparing certain polyols to sugary foods and beverages can help minimize blood sugar rises. This is because most polyols have negligible to no impact on blood sugar levels.However, compared to other kinds of polyols, maltitol has a larger potential to raise blood sugar levels. Maltitol is frequently used in "diabetic" chocolate and "diabetic" sweets, so it's crucial to be aware of this. This is why medical practitioners often do not advise using these "diabetic" products. These goods may also be heavy in fat and calories, and some consumers may experience stomach issues as a result.

Should You Include Polyols in Your Diet?

Low-calorie sweeteners called polyols are created from carbs. They can also be present naturally in some fruits and vegetables, as well as "diet" and "sugar-free" items. Although the sweetness and calorie content of polyols vary, they all have fewer calories than regular table sugar.It has been demonstrated that substituting polyols for sugar can help with weight reduction, regulate blood sugar levels, and preserve tooth enamel. However, polyols are high-FODMAP foods that, depending on how much you eat and how sensitive your stomach is, may aggravate it.Just like any other meal, the kind and quantity of polyols ingested determine how they may impact your body, just like any other meal.In general, polyols can help you cut down on sugar unless they cause gastrointestinal issues.

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