+86 18953390804
Home » News » Upstream Raw Materials For Polyurethane » Four Important Facts About Polytetramethylene Ether Glycol

Four Important Facts About Polytetramethylene Ether Glycol

Views: 274     Author: Vickey     Publish Time: 2023-12-29      Origin: Site


facebook sharing button
twitter sharing button
line sharing button
wechat sharing button
linkedin sharing button
pinterest sharing button
whatsapp sharing button
sharethis sharing button
Four Important Facts About Polytetramethylene Ether Glycol

The most popular polyether polyol used globally in the production of high-performance polyurethane elastomers is polytetramethylene ether glycol (PTMEG). PTMEG is widely used in various applications such as polyurethane elastomers, prepolymers, coatings, adhesives, cast polyurethane resins, TPUs, protective films, spandex fibres, and many more. It is well-known for its numerous performance qualities and benefits.

Processors are aware of PTMEG as a high-performance polyol that may be used to formulate polyurethane elastomers in a number of advantageous ways, including abrasion resistance, resilience, hydrolytic stability, low-temperature flexibility, and dynamic characteristics.

In order to help our potential clients choose the best product, we have outlined five pertinent facts about the usage of PTMEG polyols in high-performance polyurethane elastomers in this article.

A Wide Range of PTMEG Polyols in Selectable Grades

We offer a complete variety of PTMEG polyols in a wide range of molecular weights as a global supplier of chemicals for numerous targeted sectors. Although the PTMEG 1000, 1800, and 2000 MW diols are the workhorse grades, the PTMEG 220 and 650 grades are noteworthy because formulators find it easier to work with low-viscosity liquids at room temperature with these grades. Furthermore, PTMEG 1400 provides qualities in the middle of the workhorse grades. Customers looking for improved rebound, abrasion resistance, and resilience may find PTMEG 3000 to be of interest.

The various physical forms that the various grades of PTMEG come in have an impact on processing. PTMEG 650, for instance, can be a liquid at ambient temperature and has a softening point of 11°C (52°F). PTMEG 1000 and other higher molecular weight-grade products come in the form of waxy solids that melt slowly, with softening points beginning at roughly 24°C (75°F).

The Benefits of PTMEG Polyether Polyols vs. PPG-based Polyether Polyols

Polyethers like PTMEG and PPG polyols make polyurethane elastomers very stable in water and good at working at low temperatures. The soft section of polyurethanes has exceptionally low Tgs for both polyether classes. Compared to PPG polyols (~65°C), PTMEG polyols have a lower Tg (~ 75°C). Furthermore, PTMEG exhibits a homogeneous linear structure that enables stress-induced crystallisation and tight packing in a PUR soft segment. Stress crystallisation causes PTMEG-based polyurethane elastomers' tensile characteristics to significantly improve. To make amorphous soft-segment structures that can't crystallise, PPG polyols attach methyl groups to complex structures. These groups break the chain packing and create amorphous structures. One advantage of PTMEG soft segments is that PPG polyols in a PUR elastomer do not "stress crystallise" as a result.

Rigid Foam Polyurethane

The Benefits of PTMEG Polyether Polyols vs. Polyester Polyols

A high-quality product or a low-performing one can be produced depending on which polyol is best suited for a given formula. A thorough grasp of the fundamental properties of each polyol chemistry is essential for choosing the right material. PTMEG-based polyurethanes have great mechanical and dynamic properties, high resilience, low hysteresis, strong processing characteristics, and great resistance to hydrolytic cleavage. They also keep their mechanical properties well at low temperatures. Exact di-functionality, low acid values, and strain-induced crystallisation of the PTMEG soft segments are all characteristics that contribute to the exceptional mechanical qualities found in the associated polyurethane elastomers. Because of these qualities, PTMEG is the preferred material for processors that specialise in producing tyres, wheels, belts, tubing, abrasion-resistant surfaces, and a wide range of other goods.

PTMEG polyether polyols have the best hydrolysis resistance, durability, and low-temperature qualities when compared to polyester-type polyurethanes. Conversely, polyester polyols have superior mechanical qualities, including resistance to flex fatigue and tensile and tear strength. The polyurethanes of the polyester kind are more resilient to oxidation, solvents, oil, and grease.

A Wide Range of PTMEG Use

Because of its many applications, polytetramethylene ether glycol (PTMEG) is widely used in a variety of industries. This substance is essential to the synthesis of polyurethane-based products, such as adhesives, coatings, synthetic fibres, and elastomers. Because of its high molecular weight and flexibility, it's a great material to use when making robust and long-lasting items.

PTMEG is a crucial component in the creation of spandex fibres, which give textiles their elasticity and stretchability and enable the creation of cosy, form-fitting apparel. Its use also includes the production of flexible polyurethane foam, which is used to improve comfort and durability in mattresses, upholstery, and car interiors.

Due to its unique chemical makeup and set of characteristics, PTMEG is also a useful component used in the creation of engineering plastics, sealants, and speciality resins, adding to their durability, resistance to the elements, and thermal stability. Its relevance in raising the calibre and performance of diverse end products is highlighted by its adaptability and versatility across numerous sectors.


Storage and Transparency

Similar considerations are required for the storage of polytetramethylene ether glycol (PTMEG), as they are for the storage of other polymer compounds. When storing PTMEG, it is essential to keep it in a cold, dry location that is shielded from direct sunlight and other sources of heat. It is possible for the material to deteriorate and lose its performance if it is subjected to extreme temperatures, dampness, and ultraviolet light. Because of this, PTMEG is normally kept in drums or containers that are hermetically sealed in order to protect it from the effects of the environment.

PTMEG is a naturally transparent liquid that is colourless and transparent at room temperature. This is the case when it comes to transparency. Additionally, it possesses a high degree of optical transparency, which enables light to travel through it without being significantly absorbed or scattered. As a result of this feature, PTMEG is appropriate for applications in which transparency is sought, such as in coatings, films, or optical lenses.

On the other hand, it is important to point out that PTMEG can also be processed into solid forms, such as pellets or sheets, by employing methods such as freezing or drying. The crystallinity of the PTMEG or the surface roughness of the material may be factors that influence the transparency of the material in certain situations. Altering the conditions under which the procedure is carried out or using particular additives could be helpful in improving its transparency.

In general, the process of storing and transparentizing PTMEG involves ensuring that the appropriate storage conditions are maintained in order to preserve its quality, as well as taking into consideration the particular form and processing procedures that are required in order to achieve the desired level of transparency for various applications.

Characteristics of PTMEG in Polyurethane Elastomers

Formulators employ PTMEG, a high-performance polyol, to make polyurethane elastomers in a number of advantageous ways. PTMEG will enhance polyurethane elastomers' abrasion resistance, hydrolytic stability, dynamic properties, and flexibility.

PTMEG-based polyurethanes have great mechanical and dynamic properties, low hysteresis, high resilience and rebound qualities, and great resistance to impingement abrasion. They are also very flexible and keep their properties at low temperatures.

Content Menu
Contact Us

Copyright© 2023 Shandong Tsingrun Chemical Co., Ltd.