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Why do we use xanthan gum in gluten-free baking?

Views: 296     Author: Vickey     Publish Time: 2023-07-24      Origin: Site

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Why do we use xanthan gum in gluten-free baking?

Making fresh iterations of classic recipes that retain the original flavor and texture is one of the toughest aspects of gluten-free baking. Therefore, while utilizing gluten-free flour in our baking, we must find a way to mimic the binding properties of gluten without really employing it.

Many of our gluten-free recipes include xanthan gum, and you may have wondered what the heck it is and why we need to use it. We're going in-depth on xanthan gum in today's post, explaining what it is, how to use it, and why it matters in our gluten-free baking.

What is xanthan gum?

Xanthan gum is a widely used food ingredient that may be found in a variety of products, including ice cream, yogurt, sauces, dressings, and, of course, gluten-free baked goods. It is often used as a stabilizer to stop component separation (as in yogurt) or as a thickening agent.

Without getting too technical, the fermentation of sucrose, glucose, and lactose yields xanthan gum. The damp residue left over after the fermentation process is dried and powdered into a fine powder. This powder gets thick and almost turns gel-like when combined with liquid.

Why do we use xanthan gum in gluten-free baking?

Xanthan gum is used in gluten-free baking to give doughs and batters elasticity and stickiness.Since there is no gluten, we require a substance that binds the flour, helps retain some moisture, and helps give the baked item some structure.

If you've ever made a lovely baked product only to have it disintegrate in your hands because you forgot to add xanthan gum to a recipe, then we guarantee you know the sensation. This is why xanthan gum is so beneficial for bakers: it prevents our baked goods from disintegrating unexpectedly!

How to use xanthan gum in gluten-free baking?

A little xanthan gum goes a long way when used in gluten-free baking.

Check the ingredients on the side of your package of gluten-free flour before beginning a recipe or thinking about adding xanthan gum.Since certain flours and mixes have been particularly designed to take it into consideration, you probably won't need to add any extra xanthan gum if the mixture already contains it. For instance, xanthan gum is present in our baking mixes that are gluten-free. We did this so that you wouldn't have to bother looking for specialized ingredients and could just create the dish right out of the box.

You can easily swap out the all-purpose flour in many of your favorite conventional recipes with our gluten-free Measure for Measure Flour since it also contains xanthan gum. This eliminates the need to incorporate xanthan gum separately.

If your flour combination is devoid of xanthan gum, you should probably add some to your recipe, especially if you're baking something that often relies on the production of gluten, such as bread, pizza, cake, etc. We made our gluten-free flour to be perfect for a variety of baked items; you can use it for practically everything since it doesn't include xanthan gum.

There isn't a set formula per se, but we often start with 1/4 teaspoon of xanthan gum for every cup of flour. When dealing with anything that requires more flexibility, such as gluten-free cinnamon rolls, this ratio may slightly rise; conversely, when working with something that requires less structure, such as gluten-free shortbread cookies, it may fall.

Generally speaking, a gluten-free recipe shouldn't call for more than 1 tablespoon of xanthan gum. Furthermore, overusing xanthan gum might alter the texture of your baked items by making them overly gummy and sticky. We advise monitoring the amount of xanthan gum you're using if you've ever had a recipe that simply won't bake through no matter what you do; that might perhaps be the problem.

Xanthan gum and allergies

Looking for a xanthan gum replacement because of allergies or other problems? In most recipes, guar gum can be used 1:1.

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