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What Is Propylene Glycol, And How Does It Affect Our Food?

Views: 268     Author: Bella     Publish Time: 2023-09-08      Origin: Site


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What Is Propylene Glycol, And How Does It Affect Our Food?

You're putting away the pancake flour when you peek into the pantry and see another box of that cake mix you made for Thanksgiving last year. You still recall the cake's deliciousness and its lasting moisture, even after a week. "How could cake made from a simple box mix maintain its texture so well?" you might be wondering. Soon after, you find yourself yearning for it once more! Propylene glycol is a food additive that helps your cake stay moist and undamaged for a long time. However, what is propylene glycol exactly, and how did your cake mix contain it?

What Is Propylene Glycol?

A clear, tasteless, colourless synthetic liquid is called propylene glycol. Propylene glycol is deemed safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for a number of applications, such as absorbing excess water from food, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics to keep them hydrated and retain colour and consistency. Additionally, propylene glycol aids in the dissolution of additives applied to products, forming the perfect consistency for the finished product. Additionally, it is a safe food additive with minimal toxicity levels in the body.

Which Foods Have Propylene Glycol in Them?

Many processed and packaged foods, such as baked goods and sweets, cooked meals, baking and flavouring mixes, food product flavours and colours, soft drinks, sauces, and so forth, are permitted to contain propylene glycol.

It's also useful to know that propylene glycol serves as a humectant in food, drawing moisture towards it, and a solvent in food, aiding in the dissolution of one ingredient in another, given the variety of foods to which it is added. Together with these uses, propylene glycol is an anti-caking, dough-strengthening, emulsifier, flavouring, stabilising and thickening, glazing, texturizer, and antimicrobial agent (which helps destroy or inhibit the growth of microorganisms like bacteria or fungi that may contaminate food). Even if you might find this knowledge useful, you might be wondering if propylene glycol is safe to eat.

Is Propylene Glycol Safe?

The FDA evaluates safety trials and scientific studies to determine if food additives, such as propylene glycol, are safe for internal use. Propylene glycol was classified as a "Generally Recognised as Safe," or GRAS, component by the FDA in 1982 and authorised as a safe food additive. In doing so, the FDA established stringent regulations to ensure that the maximum quantity of propylene glycol used in a food product would not exceed the levels deemed safe. In accordance with this limitation, food and beverage manufacturers are only permitted to use a specific amount of propylene glycol. To ensure that consumers and food industries are aware that the recommended dietary intake (ADI) for propylene glycol is 25 mg per kilogramme (kg) of body weight, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has also set daily intake guidelines. The FDA and the WHO work together to guarantee our safety when eating foods that contain propylene glycol.

You probably won't ingest toxic levels of propylene glycol, even though it might be challenging to determine how much of it is in every food product you eat. Propylene glycol is found in small amounts in most foods, and it breaks down quickly in the body.

Putting Propylene Glycol in Perspective

Many goods contain propylene glycol to help maintain their consistency and moisture content. The fact that it is present in trace amounts makes it safe to use in food. Frequent use of drugs with high concentrations of propylene glycol, as well as topical application through makeup or personal hygiene items, may raise concerns. Consult your doctor in these situations to discuss other product options, applications, or dosages.

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